In July 2022, EPA released a final rule adding five PFAS to the list of chemicals required to be reported to the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) and the Pollution Prevention Act (PPA). TRI tracks the management of certain toxic chemicals that may pose a threat to human health or the environment and provides this information to the public. Pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), EPA is required to automatically add PFAS to the TRI whenever it takes one of the following actions:
- EPA finalizes a toxicity value for a PFAS or class of PFAS;
- EPA determines that a PFAS or a class of PFAS is covered by a TSCA Significant New Use Rule (SNUR);
- EPA adds PFAS or a class of PFAS to an existing SNUR; or
- EPA finds that a PFAS or class of PFAS is active in commerce (under TSCA Section 8).
Under this rule, facilities in specific industry sectors that manufacture, process, distribute, or use any of the five PFAS added to the TRI, must submit a TRI report if they exceed the PFAS reporting threshold of 100 pounds. Four of the substances are added to the list effective January 1, 2022, and the remaining substance is effective January 1, 2021, meaning TRI reporting due in 2023 must account for these substances.