Rite Aid Chemical Policy Update

The pharmacy chain Rite Aid expanded its chemical management policy on March 3, 2021 to add transparency, include additional chemicals on their restricted substance list, and update their screening method.  Transparency for the new policy requires suppliers to be more specific in listing their ingredients, such as replacing ‘fragrance’ with the ingredients that make up the fragrance.  These generic terms will be replaced with the substances in those components.  Additionally, Rite Aid is encouraging their suppliers to disclose nonfunctional constituents such as by-products and contaminants.  This additional level of detail on the packaging of products sold at Rite Aid stores will become mandatory by December 2023.

Rite Aid initially had eight chemicals on its restricted substance list (triclosan, propyl paraben, formaldehyde, dibutyl phthalate, toluene, diethyl phthalate, butyl paraben, and nonylphenol ethoxylates).  The new policy has added 61 chemicals.  These chemicals include heavy metals, PFAS, Bisphenols, and solvents.

Along with updating their chemical management policy, Rite Aid has transitioned away from survey-based assessments for identifying chemicals on the restricted substance list.  Rite Aid began the transition process to WERCSmart in September 2018 and has now finish the transition.  Rite Aid suppliers are required to report the substances in their products to WERCSmart.  WERCSmart then analyzes the substances to see if they meet the retailer’s policy.  The chemical management policy does not address CBI issues, although WERCSmart may protect confidential data.

OSHA Proposes Revisions to Hazard Communication Standard

On February 15, 2021, OSHA posted a notice of proposed rulemaking to make changes to the Hazard Communication Standard.  The proposed changes include updates the criteria for classification on health and physical hazard, updating labels, new labeling provisions for small containers, technical amendments for the contents of safety data sheets, and revisions to definitions of certain terms.

The revised criteria for classification of certain health and physical hazards now includes any hazards associated with a change in the chemical’s physical form or from a reaction with other chemicals. The revised provisions for updating labels now includes the date the chemical is released for shipment.  Labels for bulk shipments can be on the immediate container or with the shipping papers, bills of lading or other electronic means that makes it immediately available to workers “in printed form on the receiving end of shipment”.

The proposed changes also state that chemical manufacturers or importers need to update the label for each individual container with each shipment, but do not need to relabel chemicals that have been released for shipment and are awaiting future distribution. For the new labeling provisions for small containers, additional options are available in situations where it is not feasible to use the full label information.  This includes putting the full label information on an outer package, a statement on the outer package that the smaller container needs to remain in the outer package when not in use, and at least has the product identifier on containers less than or equal to 3 ml.

OSHA is taking public comments on all of the proposed changes and the use of electronic template files to create safety data sheets and labels.  The comment period is open until May 19, 2021.

PFAS in the NDAA

The 2021 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) addresses PFAS in several ways.  Sections 330 and 334 incentivize developers to create and promote additional alternative firefighting foam to replace the PFAS-containing aqueous film-forming foam.

Section 332 establishes an interagency body on PFAS research and development.  The interagency group will have representatives from at least 19 different agencies. The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy will Co-Chairs the group with a representative from another member agency, which will change on a biannual rotating basis. Goals of the organization will be:

  • Removal of PFAS from the environment,
  • Safe destruction or degradation of PFAS,
  • Development of safer and environmentally friendly alternatives to PFAS,
  • Understanding sources of environmental PFAS contamination and exposure, and
  • Understanding the toxicity of PFAS to humans and animals.

Section 333 states that the “Department of Defense may not procure any covered item that contains perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) or perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).”  ”Covered items” is limited to nonstick cookware and utensils, and fabrics that have been treated with stain-resistant coatings.  This section does not take effect until April 1, 2023.

Section 335 requires providing notification to agricultural operations located in areas exposed to department of defense PFAS use.  Any agricultural operation within 1 mile of a military or National Guard facility where PFAS has been detected in the ground water, drinking water, or well water must be notified.  Notification must occur within 60 days of the enactment of the NDAA. Notification of any updated testing results must occur within 15 days after validated test results are received.

The NDAA was passed by Congress on December 11, 2020.

Implementing the 2016 TSCA Amendments – Progress & Prognosis

Verdant Attorney Irene Hantman will speak on Wednesday, February 22 at a panel discussion among experts on implementing the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, which amends the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). The program includes a panel of legal experts, current and former EPA officials, and representatives from environmental NGOs and trade groups. The panel will discuss topics including:

  • The potential effects of the change in Administration
  • Congress’ oversight role
  • Regulatory actions already taken by EPA
  • Regulatory actions required during 2017

The program includes an informal brown bag lunch for in-person participants in Washington, D.C., as well as dial-in participation. If attending in person, please RSVP to Gina Dean at gina.dean@apks.com; teleconference information is forthcoming. This event is sponsored by the Pesticide, Chemical Regulation, and Right-to-Know Committee of the ABA Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources (SEER), with co-sponsorship by the Environmental Law Institute and SEER’s Special Committee on Congressional Relations, and hosted by Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP.

Please see the announcement [PDF] for more details.

GENERAL INFORMATION:

Location: Arnold & Porter LLP, 601 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20001

Arrival Time: 11:45 am; plan to arrive in advance to check in and pass through security; the dialogue will begin promptly at noon and will conclude at 2:00 pm.

Moderator: Larry Culleen, Partner, Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP

Panelists:

  • Jim Jones, Former Assistant Administrator, US EPA [invited]
  • Wendy Cleland-Hamnet, Office Director, Office of Pollution Prevention & Toxics, US EPA
  • Mike Walls, VP Regulatory & Technical Affairs, American Chemistry Council [invited]
  • Richard Denison, Lead Scientist, Environmental Defense Fund
  • Ernie Rosenberg, President & CEO, American Cleaning Institute
  • Lynn Bergenson, Managing Partner, Bergeson & Campbell
  • Martha Marrapese, Partner, Keller & Heckman
  • Irene Hantman; Verdant Law

 

Help Wanted: Part-Time Environmental of Counsel Position

Verdant Law, PLLC seeks an exceptional environmental lawyer for its Washington, DC office.  The firm needs support for its enforcement defense and compliance counseling practice.  Most matters involve internal investigations, audits, defense of agency enforcement actions, or regulatory compliance counseling.  The practice concentrates on product-based environmental, health, and safety requirements under federal laws, including the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the Federal Trade Commission Act (FTC Act), the Federal Hazardous Substance Act (FHSA), and the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).  (A description of the firm’s practice is available at www.verdantlaw.com.)

The position requires, on average, 25 hours per week and occasional travel.  The hourly rate will be dependent on experience and credentials.

Requirements:

The ideal candidate will have 5 years of experience in environmental law in an administrative or litigation capacity.  Experience in product-oriented fields, such as advertising, toxic tort, product liability, and consumer product regulation will also be considered.

Candidates must possess creative problem-solving skills, good writing skills, strong interpersonal skills, detail orientation, the ability to work independently, and good judgment.  A technical engineering or scientific background is also desirable.

Submittals:

Candidates should submit a resume, two pieces of original written work product that demonstrate the ability to discuss complex issues clearly and concisely in five pages or less, and three references.  To apply, please send application materials to Philip A. Moffat, Managing Principal, at pmoffat@verdantlaw.com.  No calls, please.

GlobalChem presentation: TSCA Enforcement and Compliance Issues for Industry.

For those of you who weren’t able to make it to GlobalChem 2014 in Baltimore last week, we’ve posted Irene Hantman‘s presentation on enforcement and compliance issues associated with the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Irene’s presentation is targeted towards industry members, and was part of a panel discussing various aspects of TSCA compliance and enforcement which also featured Rosemarie Kelley, Director of the Waste and Chemical Enforcement Division at U.S. EPA, and Kindra Kirkeby, HSES Counsel at NewMarket Services. If you have any questions about the presentation, please feel free to contact Verdant or email Irene directly.

Download here: TSCA Enforcement and Compliance Issues for Industry [PDF]

Verdant to sponsor 2014 GlobalChem Conference.

Verdant is proud to announce our sponsorship of the upcoming American Chemistry Council and Society of Chemical Manufacturers & Affiliates GlobalChem Conference and Exhibition in Baltimore, Maryland. The conference will be held March 3-5, 2014 and will cover topics important to the chemical regulations field, ranging from TSCA modernization to California’s Safer Consumer Products program to updates on REACH registration.

Verdant’s Managing Principal, Philip Moffat, said:  “This is one of the premier chemical regulatory conferences in the United States.  We’re proud of our partnership with ACC, SOCMA, and the other conference sponsors.”

We will post more information about Verdant’s participation in the conference as it approaches.

Verdant Proudly Sponsors Prop.65 Clearinghouse's Green Chemistry Conference

Green Chemistry:

Verdant is pleased to announce its sponsorship of the Prop.65 Clearinghouse Green Chemistry Annual Conference.  This year’s conference will be held on Tuesday, April 9, 2013, at the The City Club of San Francisco, 155 Sansome Street.

  • Verdant attorney, Philip Moffat, will present on “REACH 2013.”
  • Verdant attorney, Catherine Lin, will present on “Supply Chain Management.”

More information about the conference is available here and an agenda is available here.   A copy of Mr. Moffat’s presentation is available here [PDF].

EPA Proposes Significant New Use Rules for 37 Chemicals and Nanomaterials

TSCA/SNUR/Nanotechnology:

Background

Continuing its robust exercise of its expansive TSCA authority, EPA last week released proposed Significant New Use Rules (“SNURs”) under TSCA for 37 chemicals, including 14 nanoengineered carbon compounds. The SNURs cover a wide range of uses, including the manufacture, processing, and import of adhesives, coatings, colorants, lubricants, chemical intermediates, etc., and result from premanufacture notice (“PMN”) submissions from as long ago as 2000. For almost half of the affected chemicals, the SNURs essentially codify protective measures already required under existing consent orders; the rest are largely based on PMN use scenarios.

EPA has already determined that 17 of the substances addressed by the proposed rule “may present an unreasonable risk of injury to human health or environment” and thus are subject to risk-based consent orders under TSCA § 5(e). The proposed SNURs for these substances adopt certain safety precautions already required by the consent orders. For example, for certain chemicals, workers would be required to wear specified respirators unless air monitoring shows that the substance is actually present in concentrations lower than the New Chemical Exposure Limit (“NCEL”). The NCEL provisions, already incorporated in the § 5(e) consent orders, were established by EPA “to provide adequate protection to human health” and modeled after Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs). Users who wish to pursue the NCEL alternative to the respirator requirement would have to request permission to do so under 40 CFR § 721.30 (“EPA approval of alternative control measures.”) EPA anticipates approving such requests under the same conditions already present in the consent orders.

The other 20 substances covered by the new SNURs are not subject to § 5(e) consent orders. These “non-5(e) SNURs” cover certain changes from the use scenarios described in the PMNs which could result in increased exposure, per 40 CFR § 721.170(c)(2).

In addition to personal protective equipment, the SNURs impose various standard use restrictions on the chemicals, such as prohibiting manufacture in the U.S., limiting use to conditions specified in existing consent orders, and banning release to water. EPA also recommends various types of toxicity testing to better characterize the new chemicals’ environmental effects.

Regulatory actions flowing from SNURs

Upon promulgation of the SNURs, any users of the affected substances will be required to determine whether they must submit a Significant New Use Notification (“SNUN”) to EPA 90 days prior to engaging in one of the designated “new uses.” On receipt of the SNUN, EPA may take further regulatory action under TSCA § 5(e), 5(f), 6 or 7, or otherwise publish a notice in the Federal Register explaining its reasons for not taking action.

In addition, EPA’s proposal of the SNURs triggers export notification requirements under TSCA § 12(b). Any exporter or intended exporter of the affected chemicals must notify EPA of the first export or intended export to a particular country, unless the substance is present at certain low concentrations that qualify for the de minimus exemption. If and when the SNURs are finalized, importers of the affected substances must also certify their compliance the SNURs.

EPA is accepting comments on the proposed SNURs through April 26, 2013.

Naming nanoscale materials and other CBI concerns

In the proposed SNURs, EPA identifies nanoengineered carbon compounds based on generic structural terms in order to protect the confidential chemical identities of the substances. EPA uses terms like, for example, “single-walled carbon nanotube” (or “SWCNT”), along with PMN numbers to identify the substances for inclusion in the TSCA Inventory.

The nomenclature developed by EPA is further described in a document, “Material Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes for Molecular Identity (MI) Determination & Nomenclature,” which should be available soon under the docket number EPA–HQ–OPPT–2012–0727. It is likely to be similar to or the same as the identically-named document published with the SNUR finalized in 2011 for a substance named as “multi-walled carbon nanotubes.”

If an intended user is uncertain whether its chemicals are subject to the new SNURs, EPA advises contacting the agency or obtaining a written determination under the bona fide procedures in 40 CFR § 721.11. Since production volume limits and certain other uses detailed in the proposed SNURs may also be claimed as CBI, users may not know whether their intended production volumes constitute a significant new use. The bona fide procedures also apply to such cases. If, after evaluating detailed submissions on the intended use, EPA finds that the user has a bona fide intent to manufacture, produce, or import the substance, the agency will advise whether the intended use would qualify as a significant new use.

CIEL Report Claims Regulation Stimulates Chemical Innovation

Chemical Regulation/Innovation:

Earlier this month, the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) released its report, Driving Innovation: How stronger laws help bring safer chemicals to market.  In the report, CIEL offers research showing that stronger laws foster innovation by large and small companies alike.  Among other things,CIEL cites the number of patents for alternative chemicals filed every time there’s new chemical regulation. CIEL is located in Washington, D.C. and Geneva, Switzerland.  More information about CIEL is available here.

Forbes magazine recently published an article on this same topic, citing the CIEL report among other sources.  That article is available here.

What do others think of this conclusion?