EPA Releases Chemical Data Reporting National Review
EPA has released its first-ever Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) National Review (“Review”), which provides a comprehensive analysis of data submitted to the Agency during the 2020 CDR reporting cycle. The report presents information about chemicals that were manufactured and imported into the US from 2016 through 2019. In its press release on the Review, the Agency stated that the document will assist stakeholders in evaluating and understanding information about the types, quantities, and uses of chemicals produced domestically or imported into the U.S.
Manufacturers and importers of chemical substances listed on the Toxic Substances Control Act (“TSCA”) Inventory are required to report data to the EPA every four years if they manufacture or import substances at or above specific thresholds unless the chemical has been exempted from the reporting requirement. Typically reporting is required when an entity manufactures or imports 25,000 pounds or more of a chemical during any year in the reporting period at any single site. Companies must report how chemicals are processed or used (industrial processing and use data), and whether they are used in commercial or consumer products (commercial and/or consumer use data) in addition to manufacturing and import volumes.
According to EPA, the CDR database is the most comprehensive source of basic screening-level, exposure-related information on chemicals that is available to the Agency. EPA uses the database to screen and prioritize chemicals for further review.
The Review summarizes data from the most recent CDR reporting cycle data (2020), covering activities from 2016 to 2019, and provides trend data for reporting over the past decade. During this reporting period, more than 7.2 trillion pounds of chemicals were manufactured or imported at 5,238 sites.
The Review provides interactive trend analysis, including an interactive map of CDR sites and characteristics of the communities in which these sites are located. It also includes maps displaying CDR reporting sites by state, and figures with production volumes. In addition, the Review contains informational charts and figures to increase understanding of a variety of CDR data elements, such as analyses of chemical use information. Environmental justice tools from EPA’s EJScreen, the Agency’s environmental justice mapping tool, are also contained in the document.
The Review’s key findings include:
- Of the more than 8,000 chemicals reported for the 2020 CDR reporting cycle, about 54% were manufactured domestically, and 46% were imported. This is a 10% increase in imported chemicals from the 2016 CDR.
- Two industry sectors manufactured and imported the bulk of the volume reported to the 2020 CDR: petroleum and coal products manufacturing (64%) and chemical manufacturing (14%). Although it produced less volume than the petroleum and coal products sector, the chemical manufacturing sector produced the majority of chemicals (84%) reported to the 2020 CDR and represented nearly half (43%) of all sites.
- 180 PFAS were reported by 57 sites for a total production volume of about 678 million pounds.
- Of the 37 Chemicals undergoing Risk Evaluation, 33 chemicals were reported to the 2020 CDR; that is, they were manufactured or imported at above threshold volumes (2,500 lbs.) in at least one year during the reporting cycle. Thirty-four Risk Evaluation chemicals were reported in both the 2012 and 2016 reporting cycles.
- Total production volume for the 33 TSCA Risk Evaluation chemicals was about 38 billion pounds. The volume was reported across 254 sites.
- The number of sites that manufactured and/or imported TSCA Risk Evaluation Chemicals has increased by 40% over the past 10 years, while the manufactured and imported volumes have generally remained consistent.